The Boyanski Waterfall is situated on the Boyanska River on the northern slope of Vitosha Mountain. The waterfall is formed at a height of 1 260 m. and has a 15 m height of the falling waters. The valley of the Boyanska River has many thresholds and rapids. The waterfall was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1965.

The Golden Bridges or the Moraines in Vitosha are a unique natural phenomenon also called "stone rivers". Huge boulders have filled the valley of the Vladayska River which flows under them. The scientists explain their formation with the specific destruction of the rock in the valley.

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Temnata Dupka is the longest cave in the Stara Planina Mountains. It is 4 500 m long. It is located along the steep banks of the Iskar River to the northwest of the village of Lakatnik, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. The cave is formed in Triassic limestone rocks. It is a complicated four-floor cave system of waterfalls, siphons and lakes. Temnata dupka is rich in fauna representatives. The cave has been a natural landmark since 1962 and covers an area of 1 hectare. In front of the entrance of the cave is located the biggest karst spring Jitolyub.

Temnata Dupka by the village of Kalotina, Municipality of Dragoman, Sofia District is also a cave. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1962 and covers an area of 5,20 hectares.

The Lakatnishki Rocks are located in the gorge of the Iskar River. The gorge is formed from the erosive activity of the river during the period of formation of the Main Stara Planina Range and the Fore-Balkan. The gorge is especially picturesque by the village of Milanovo, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District, where horizontal layers of Mesozoic sandstones and limestone rocks form almost vertical walls of incredible forms at a height of 300 m above the river bed. They were proclaimed for natural landmarks in 1966 and occupy an area of 83,60 hectares.

Pyramids in Katina

Pyramids in Katina

The Katinski Pyramids are rocky formations by the village of Katina, Municipality of Sofia, Sofia District. They are formed by the detrition and the erosion of the Pliocene sandstones and clays on the southwestern slope of the Sofia Section of the Western Stara Planina Mountains. At their foundation there is a labyrinth of deeply hewn caves with protruding steep irregular columns and walls of up to 30 m height among them. Some of the pyramids are covered with rocky caps. The pyramids are rust-brown in colour. The Katinski pyramids were proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1962 and occupy an area of 12,50 hectares.

The Elata is a group of interesting rocky formations proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1964. Their protected area is 50 hectares and is located on the territory of the village of Zimevitza, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. The natural landmark is under the jurisdiction of the Svoge State Forestry.

Elaka has been a natural landmark since 1984. The purpose of its proclaiming as such is to protect the rocky formations and the centuries-old forests. The Elaka has a protected area of 87,50 hectares and is located in the village of Vrachesh, Municipality of Botevgrad, Sofia District. The territory is under the jurisdiction of the state forestries of Aramlietz and Botevgrad.

The Donkina Forest was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1979 with the purpose of protecting the habitat of the royal eagle. It is located on the territory of the town of Koprivshtitsa, Sofia District. Donkina Forest has a protected territory of 16 hectares. The Municipality of Koprivshtitsa is responsible for protecting the natural landmark.

The Grohotaka is a protected territory of centuries-old beech forest and rocky formations. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1981 and covers an area of 118,5 hectares. The natural landmark is located on the territory of the town of Etropole, Sofia District and is under the jurisdiction of the Etropole Forestry.

Babin Plast is a centuries-old oak forest on the territory of the Redina village, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. The site was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1983 and has a protected area of 10 hectares. The Municipality of Svoge is responsible for the protection of the forest.

Bratiya is a centuries-old beech forest on the territory of the village of Chavdar, Municipality of Chavdar, Sofia District. The site was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1963 and has a protected area of 3 hectares. The natural landmark is under the jurisdiction of the Pirdop Forestry.

Varovitetz is a waterfall which is located on the territory of the village of Ribaritza, the Municipality of Etropole, Sofia District. It has a protected area of 30 hectares and was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1965. The waterfall is under the jurisdiction of the Etropole Forestry. Varovitetz is situated at an altitude of 700 m and has a height of the falling water of 12 m.

Vodnata peshtera/The Water cave/ was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1976 with the purpose of protecting the bat species in the cave. It is located in the region of the village of Lipnitza, Municipality of Botevgrad, Sofia District. It is under the protection of the Botevgrad Forestry.

Bachishte is a protected site in the region of Etropole, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a protected natural site with the purpose of protecting picturesque natural sights and the characteristic vegetation over the area of 223,60 hectares. The site is under the jurisdiction of the Etropole State Forestry.

Bukova Usoyka is located on the territory of the village of Dospey, Municipality of Samokov, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a protected site in 1972 with the purpose of protecting the centuries-old beech forest covering an area of 16,20 hectares. The protected site is under the jurisdiction of the Samokov State Forestry.

Belikata is a protected site of a natural habitat of birch on the territory of the town of Etropole, Sofia District. Belikata was proclaimed for a protected territory in 1981 and covers an area of 132,70 hectares. It is under the jurisdiction of the Etropole State Forestry.

Aramlietz is a protected site on the territories of the village of Kamenitza (Municipality of Mirkovo, Sofia District), the town of Panagyurishte (Pazardzhik District) and the village of Belitza (Municipality of Ihtiman, Sofia District). Aramlietz was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape of the region.

Barikadite is located in the region of the town of Koprivshtitsa, Sofia District and the village of Starosel, Municipality of Hissar, Plovdiv District. Barikadite were proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of protecting the centuries-old beech forest, the typical landscape of deciduous forest and meadow ecosystems. The site covers an area of 119,70 hectares and is located in the Sarnena Sredna Gora Mountain.

Vartopa is a protected site on the territory of the village of Anton, Municipality of Anton, Sofia District. It covers an area of 5,40 hectares and has the purpose of protecting the centuries-old beech forest in the region. Vartopa was proclaimed for a protected natural site in August 2003.

Vrana is a protected site in the vicinities of the town of Sofia covering an area of 96,80 hectares. Its purpose is to protect the habitat of rare and endangered plant and animal species and preserve the unique forest and the park with the remarkable landscape. Vrana was proclaimed for a protected site in 1995.

Vran kamak is located on the territory of the village of Petrich, Municipality of Zlatitza, Sofia District. Vran kamak was proclaimed for a protected site in 1995 with the purpose of preserving the natural habitats of rare and endangered bird species included in the Red Book of Bulgaria and the list of endangered species of Europe. It covers an area of 60,60 hectares and is under the jurisdiction of the Pirdop State Forestry.

Temnata Dupka Cave

Temnata Dupka Cave

Blatata/The swamps/ is a protected site on the territory of the village of Dolni Bogrov, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a protected site in 1993 with the purpose of protecting the natural habitats of rare and endangered species of birds. Blatata cover an area of 14,80 hectares and are under the jurisdiction of the Municipality of Sofia.

Benkovska cave is a protected site in the region of the town of Etropole, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of protecting the centuries-old beech forest of the region. The site is under the jurisdiction of the Etropole State Forestry.

Golyamo Gradishte is a protected site with a typical landscape. It is located on the territory of the town of Dolna Banya, Sofia District and was included in the list of the protected territories in 2003. The site is under the jurisdiction of the Kostenetz State Forestry.

Izvora is a small protected site near the town of Bankya, Sofia District. It covers an area of 20 hectares. Izvora was proclaimed for a protected natural site in 2000 with the purpose of preserving a small group of centuries-old trees.

Eleshnitza Monastery is a protected site in the region of the monastery with the same name by the village of Eleshnitza, Municipality of Elin Pelin, Sofia District. The purpose is to protect the typical landscape which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature. The site is under the jurisdiction of the Sofia State Forestry.

Eledzhik is a protected site on the territory of the village of Gorna Vasilitza, Municipality of Kostenetz, Sofia District. It covers an area of 668 hectares of natural beech forest. Eledzhik was included in the list of the protected sites in 2003.

Elenina bara is a protected site on the territory of the village of Malo Buchino, Municipality of Sofia. It covers an area of 5 hectares. Elenina was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the natural habitat of silver spruce, which is a rare tree type.

Dreneto is a protected site on the territory of the village of Litakovo, Municipality of Botevgrad, Sofia District. Its territory is the nesting ground of grey herons and white storks. Dreneto was included in the list of the protected sites in 1979.

The Golashka cave is a natural landmark on the territory of the town of Kostenetz, Sofia District. In covers an area of 50 hectares and was included in the list of the protected sites in 1981 with the purpose of protecting a large colony of bats. It is under the jurisdiction of the Kostenetz State Forestry.

The Aldomirovsko Swamp is a protected site with the purpose of protecting the natural habitats of endangered and rare types of water birds and vegetation associations of 40 types of higher plants. The swamp is located in the region of the village of Aldomirovtzi, Municipality of Slivnitza, Sofia District. The swamp was included in the list of the protected natural sites in 1989.

Kazanite/The cauldrons/ are five waterfalls in the region of the village of Chavdar, Municipality of Chavdar, Sofia District. They were proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1970 and cover an area of 1,50 hectares. The landmark is under the jurisdiction of the Kostenetz State Forestry.

Kaleto/The fortress/ is a protected site on the territory of the village of Dolna Vasilitza, Municipality of Kostenetz, Sofia District. Kaleto was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape of an area of 80 hectares.

Muhalnitza is a protected site on the territory of the town of Botevgrad, Municipality of Botevgrad, Sofia District. It was included in the list of the protected sites in 1992 with the purpose of protecting the swamp and its adjacent territories which are the habitat of the mountainous frog Rana jemporaria. Muhalnitza covers an area of 1,90 hectares.

Orlov kamak/Eagle's Stone/ - the Red Wall is a rocky complex, which is the habitat of rare birds. The site was included in the list of the protected sites in 1981. It covers an area of 45,10 hectares in the region of the village of Lopyan, Municipality of Etropole, Sofia District.

Kotlite/The cauldrons/ are a rocky formation on the territory of the village of Osikovska Lakavitza, Municipality of Pravetz, Sofia District. They have been a natural landmark since 1976 covering an area of 20 hectares.

The Kotlite Waterfall is located in the region of the village of Razboishte, Municipality of Godech, Sofia District. The waterfall was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1981 and covers an area of 1 hectare.

Malkoto gradishte is a protected site on the territory of the town of Dolna Banya, Sofia District. It was included in the list of the protected sites in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape, which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature. The site covers an area of 2 hectares.

The monastery "Sveta Troitza"/Holy Trinity/ was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the natural beech forests in the region. The site covers an area of 63,30 hectares in the region of the town of Etropole, Sofia District. Near the monastery is located the Varovitetz waterfall.

The Seven Altars Monastery

The Seven Altars Monastery

The monastery "Sedemte Prestola"/The seven chairs/ is a natural landmark on the territory of the village of Osenovlag, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. It covers an area of 21 hectares. It was included in the list of the protected natural sites in 1966 with the purpose of preserving the forests and the landscape around the monastery.

Manastirska koriya is located in the region of Ovcha Kupel, Sofia. It is proclaimed for a protected site with the purpose of preserving the unique beech forest around the monastery "St. St. Cyril and Methodius". The forest is about 120-140 years old and covers an area of 40 hectares.

Pantata is located on the territory of the village of Stargel, Municipality of Gorna Malina, Sofia District. It was included in the list of the protected sites in 2003 with the purpose of preserving a territory with a typical landscape, which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature. Pantata covers an area of 10 hectares.

Plenshtitza is a site of 80-year-old fir trees occupying an area of 3,90 hectares. It is located in the region of the Municipality of Kostenetz, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a protected territory in 2003.

Cherkovishteto has been a protected site since 2003 established with the purpose of preserving the mixed coniferous and deciduous forests in the region of the Municipality of Kostenetz, Sofia District covering an area of 8,70 hectares.

Cherti Grad has been a natural landmark since 1981 with a size of 193,30 hectares located in the vicinities of the village of Brusen, Municipality of Etropole, Sofia District. Cherti grad is covered with forest vegetation and rocky complexes. It is the habitat of rare mammals and birds.

Urvich is a protected site on the territory of the village of Bozhenitza, Municipality of Botevgrad, Sofia District. It was included in the list of the protected natural sites in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the mixed oak forests over an area of 93,30 hectares.

Urvich is a protected site on the territory of the village of Kokalyane, Municipality of Sofia, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 2003 with the purpose of preserving a territory of typical landscape of forests and rocky formations along the Iskar River. It covers an area of 56,40 hectares.

Trayanova fortress is a protected site on the territory of the village of Dolna Vasilitza, Municipality of Kostenetz, Sofia District. It covers an area of 20 hectares and was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape of the region, which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature.

Treskavetz is a protected site on the territory of the village of Bov, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. It covers an area of 1097,30 hectares and was proclaimed for a protected site in 1975. It is under the jurisdiction of the Svoge State Forestry.

Turchenitza is a site of white pine, black pine and silver spruce trees. It was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003. It covers an area of 3,50 hectares in the region of the town of Novi Iskar, Municipality of Sofia, Sofia District.

The Skaklya Waterfall is located on the territory of the village of Zasele, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1965. It covers an area of 1 hectare.

Smilovene are remarkable rocky formations in the region of the town of Koprivshtitsa, Sofia District. They were proclaimed for a natural landmark in 2003 covering an area of 1,50 hectares.

The Siniya Vir Waterfall/The Blue Pool Waterfall/ is located on the territory of the village of Gubislav, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1965 covering an area of 50 hectares.

The Lakatnik Cliffs

The Lakatnik Cliffs

Romaniya is a protected site on the territory of the village of Rashkovo, Municipality of Botevgrad, Sofia District. It covers an area of 10 hectares and was proclaimed for a protected site in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature.

Rudinata is a centuries-old beech forest on the territory of the village of Boykovetz, Municipality of Etropole and Botevgrad, Sofia District. Rudinata was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1984 and covers an area of 37 hectares.

Sakaradzha is a natural landmark on the territory of the village of Chavdar, Municipality of Chavdar, Sofia District. It was included in the list of protected sites in 1963 and covers an area of 10 hectares.

Shumnatoto tepe 1 is a protected site established with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape in the region of the village of Novo Selo, Municipality of Samokov, Sofia District, which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature. The site covers an area of 1,50 hectares.

Shumnatoto tepe 2 is a protected site established with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape in the region of the village of Novo Selo, Municipality of Samokov, Sofia District, which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature. The site covers an area of 1 hectare.

Yurukovoto is a centuries-old beech forest on the territory of the village of Kovachevtzi, Municipality of Samokov, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1970 with a size of 12 hectares.

Halmcheto/ The hill/ is a protected site established with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape and the black pine trees in the region of the village of Aldomirovtzi, Municipality of Slivnitza, Sofia District. The site was proclaimed for a protected area of 16 hectares in 2003.

The Chavcha Waterfall is located in the town of Kostenetz, Municipality of Kostenetz, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1974 covering an area of 1,60 hectares. It has a height of the falling waters of 12 m and is located in the valley of the Stara Reka River.

Chakarovi polyani on the territory of Beli Iskar, Municipality of Samokov, Sofia District is a protected site, established with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape, which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature.

Dzhuglata is a natural landmark established as such in 1964 with the purpose of protecting a rocky formation. The landmark is on the territory of the village of Tzerovo, Municipality of Svoge, Sofia District. Dzhuglata has a protected territory of 70 hectares and is under the jurisdiction of the Municipality of Svoge.

Zaskogo was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1981. It is located in the region of the village of Gintzi, Municipality of Godech, Sofia District. Zaskogo is a rocky complex with a karst abyss and a protected territory of 88 hectares. The territory of the natural landmark is under the jurisdiction of the Godech State Forestry.

Kozi Dol was proclaimed for a natural landmark in 1981. It is located on the territory of the town of Etropole, Sofia District. It is established with the purpose of preserving the centuries-old beech forest in the region. It covers an area of 193,80 hectares. The territory of the natural landmark is under the jurisdiction of the Etropole State Forestry.

Saint Spas is a protected site on the territory of the town of Dolna Banya, Municipality of Dolna Banya, Sofia District. It was proclaimed for such in 2003 with the purpose of preserving the typical landscape which is a result of the harmonious co-existence of man and nature. The protected area of the site is 3 hectares.

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