The Bulgarian cultural heritage has many faces and manifestations – archaeological reserves and monuments, museums, galleries, rich cultural calendar, preserved folklore and magnificent architectural monuments.
The house, where Bulgarian people live, is the embodiment of their worldview, social status and practicality. Construction of houses was subject to two important requirements – safety and practicality.
Many old buildings that demonstrate this type of architecture – in the villages ofArbanasi, Leshten Kovachevitsa, Dolen, Melnik, etc. have been preserved to the present day.
About Architectural reserves in Bulgaria
During the Bulgarian Revival – 18th – 19th century, when the Bulgarian craftsmen and merchants broadened their horizons and opened to Europe and the world, many European cultural influences entered our lands.
They occurred in various aspects of the Bulgarian people’s lives, but for us, their heirs, they are most visible in the architecture and interiors of buildings, which were built during that era.
Top Old towns and Architectural reserves You Need to Visit in Bulgaria
The amazing Renaissance architectural models can be seen in many Bulgarian towns – such as Koprivshtitsa, the Old Plovdiv, the villages Zheravna, Borovets, Shiroka Laka, and many others.
In order to preserve this rich heritage a number of architectural reserves have been created – whole villages or districts, which now enjoy great interest from the tourists – Koprivshtitsa, the Old Plovdiv, Kovachevitsa, Arbanasi, the villages of Bozhentsi, Brashlyan Delchevo, Dolen, Architectural and Ethnographic Reserve Etara, the villages of Zheravna, Stefanovo and Shiroka Laka.
Visit village of Kovachevitsa
The village of Kovachevitsa is located in the Western Rhodope mountain, 23 km from Gotse Delchev and 120 km from Blagoevgrad. Due to its distinctive architecture, the village was declared a historical and architectural reserve.
The two and three storey houses in Kovachevitsa were built in the 18th century. On the ground floor used to be the rooms where animals were kept and food was stockpiled. The upper storeys were used for accommodation.
Kovachevitsa is a popular destination for tourists seeking outdoor recreation.
Discover village of Dolen
The village of Dolen is located in the western part of the Rhodope Mountain, about 26 km from Gotse Delchev. Due to its preserved houses from the Bulgarian Revival period, the village was declared a historical and architectural reserve.
The reserve covers 70 buildings, monuments of culture. Typical of the houses in Dolen are the wide upper storeys and the decorated ceilings in some of the houses.
Like the nearby villages such as Leshten and Kovachevitsa, Dolen is also a popular destination for country tourism.
Enjoy the village of Shiroka Laka
The village of Shiroka Laka is located in the Rhodope mountain, 23 kilometers northwest of Smolyan and 16 kilometers of Pamporovo.
Shiroka Laka is famous for its beautiful, authentic Rhodope houses, situated in tiers on both sides of river. The local master builders were famous throughout the country.
The old houses are built in typical Rhodope architectural style – two storey buildings with bay windows and internal wooden staircases. Most of the rooms are wide, with wooden couches near the walls, the windows are small.
The most famous houses are Sgurovska, Uchikovska, Grigorovska houses.
It is situated on the southern slopes of the Pirin Mountains, 175 km south of Sofia and 30 km from the border with Greece.
During the Revival period, the local merchants sold their goods throughout Europe. The most striking architectural monuments, such as the Kordopulova and Pashova houses, date back to this era.
The Kordopulova house is the largest Revival building in Bulgaria. It was built in 1754 and it belonged to the wealthy family of Kordopulovi, who produced wine.
Author: Ministry of tourism - www.visitmybulgaria.com